What is the Diversity by Design Project?

The Diversity by Design project aims to better understand how emergent technologies in the agri-food sector might be used to foster a diverse agricultural food production landscape, and what technical and policy adaptions would be needed to facilitate uptake of these technologies. Likewise: What are the concerns over this supposed digital ‘revolution’ among small-scale and “alternative” food producers (like market gardeners or regenerative farmers)?

What is the issue?

Innovation in big data, artificial intelligence, sensor technologies or drones are often argued to help address grand challenges, such global food insecurity and climate change. Despite promises that digitalization can improve social and environmental outcomes in agriculture, the development and use of many agricultural digital tools raise challenges of their own. Indeed, it is possible that the current tools on market are expensive and advantage some food system actors over others. Other concerns relate to questions about who owns farm data collected by machinery and what network infrastructure and skillsets are needed by farmers to operate such systems. An unaddressed but crucial issue is also how agricultural technology interrelates with equity seeking groups like women in agriculture, or with extant claims to land/territory by Indigenous Peoples.  

Why should we care?

Market gardeners and farmers practicing agroecological, organic, Indigenous, or regenerative agriculture appear to have needs that are being unmet in the current innovation system. Yet, these farmers contribute to food security, to the social fabric of rural life, and to climate resilience. Given that governments invest significant public money in digital agriculture, this work examines how farms are being served by public investment in digital agriculture.

What do we do?

The project follows a participatory approach, and uses qualitative research methods in the form of design workshops, webinars, qualitative interviews, as well as farm visits. Through these various formats we aim to offer a space for engagement between farmers and technology developers, policymakers, and researchers. These engagements have the potential for various interest groups to better understand if, how, and what kind of (digital) technologies can best serve small-scale farmers in their agricultural practices.

Who can participate?

…then you should not hesitate to contact us!

Where and who are we?

Agriculture in Canada, or Turtle Island, often carries a settler colonial legacy that may be perpetuated both in implicit and explicit ways. Researching diversity in farming also includes questioning this legacy, by diversifying understandings and practices of agriculture on the lands on which it occurs, with the goal of more holistically informed forms of farming. The project is led by researchers at the University of Ottawa, which was built on Anishinàbeg territory. Likewise, we acknowledge that farming and food production occurs on (mostly) unceded territories of First Nations Peoples.

The Diversity by Design project is made up of a team of settler social science researchers with various backgrounds and extensive experiences in applied and analytical work on food and agriculture (below in alphabetic order).

Dr. Kelly Bronson: Kelly is a social scientist studying and helping to mitigate science-society tensions around controversial technologies and their governance, such as big data. Her research aims to bring community values and non-technical knowledge into conversation with technical knowledge for evidence-based decision-making. She is a Canada Research Chair (Tier II) in Science and Society at University of Ottawa, and co-leader of the Diversity by Design Project.

Dr. Mascha Gugganig: Mascha is an anthropologist who researches emergent, often contested technologies, including agricultural biotechnology on the settler colonial terrain of Hawai’i, indoor vertical farming, and digital agriculture in EU policy. Through her work she aims to foster dialogue on the differences and overlaps between “high-tech” and “(s)low-tech” in sustainable agriculture, both to understand what is at stake (economics, environmental, socio-cultural, political), and to develop practical, place-based approaches. Through arts-based research and communication methods, her work engages various interest groups, not least to highlight the need for a diversity of expertise.

Dr. Irena Knezevic: Irena is an associate professor in the School of Journalism and Communication at Carleton University, and the director of CU Food and Media Hub. Her work spans a range of food systems inquiries, including community-based research, food policy, and digital technologies. She is the co-editor of Nourishing Communities: From Fractured Food Systems to Transformative Pathways (Springer, 2017) and has published her work in various journals, including Canadian Food Studies, Canadian Journal of Communication, Critical Policy Studies, Journal of Agriculture, Food Systems, and Community Development, and Food, Culture and Society.

Sarah Marquis: Sarah began her PhD at the Institute of the Environment at uOttawa in September 2020 under the supervision of Dr. Kelly Bronson. She just finished her Master’s degree at the University of Guelph where she focused on technology use in agriculture. Her work focuses in particular on the impacts of ‘digital farming’ or ‘smart farming’ and how the emergence of agricultural Big Data is helping to reshape the politics and practices of farming. Her PhD research will continue to explore the social and environmental impacts of ag-tech in Canada, and she is particularly interested in the role of artificial intelligence in agriculture.

Dr. Jason Millar: Jason holds the Canada Research Chair in the Ethical Engineering of Robotics and AI, and is an Assistant Professor at the University of Ottawa’s School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science with a cross-appointment in the Department of Philosophy. His research interests include developing tools and methodologies engineers can use to integrate ethical thinking into their daily engineering workflow, and has focused on applications in automated vehicles, natural language processing, healthcare robotics, social and military robotics.

Dr. David Szanto: David is a teacher, consultant, and artist taking an experimental approach to food systems research. Past projects include meal performances, immersive sensory installations, and interventions involving food, microbes, and robots. David has taught at several universities in Canada and Europe and has written extensively on food, art, and performance. He is an associate editor of the open-access journal, Canadian Food Studies, and co-editor of the textbook, Food Studies: Matter, Meaning & Movement.

Olivia Doggett: Olivia is a designer and PhD student completing a cross-collaboration between University of Toronto’s Faculties of Information and Environment. Drawing from the disciplines of human computer interaction, social studies of science, information, and environmental studies, Olivia’s research considers how emerging agricultural technologies both value and devalue temporary farm labour in Canada. Through this research, Olivia aims to develop policy and design recommendations for sustainable and equitable assistive agritech that can support, augment and sustain farm labour in Canada.

This project is funded by: